Natisni vsebino

3.1.5. International relations

Annual Report

3.1.5. International relations

International relations play an important at both levels of theombudsman's work. The experience of institutions with a longertradition is of great importance in his daily work, as indeed is theexperience of institutions with a short history. The Human RightsOmbudsman has also been successful in transferring his own experienceto countries which do not yet have the institution of ombudsman orsimilar institutions for the protection of human rights. The transferof experience consequently contributes to the effective addressing ofcases of violation of rights and the prevention of phenomena of thistype even beyond Slovenia's borders.

With the aim of presenting the work of the Slovene Human RightsOmbudsman to the ombudsmen of other countries and to relatedinstitutions and other sections of the professional public working inthe area of the protection of human rights, we once again prepared anEnglish summary of the report on the ombudsman's work. The office alsopublished three numbers of the European Ombudsmen Newsletter,which it has been publishing since February 1999. The texts can befound on the English version of the Human Rights Ombudsman's website.

In November 2001 the ombudsman was elected one of the four Europeandirectors (for central and eastern Europe) of the InternationalOmbudsman Institute (IOI). This appointment gives him additionalresponsibilities in the area of international work. Because ofcomplications with the elections the vote was repeated in 2002. Theresult of the second vote confirmed Slovene ombudsman Matjaž Hanžek inthe position. For more information about the IOI, visit the followingwebsite: http://www.law.ualberta.ca/centres/ioi/ brochure.htm

Among the most important international events organised by the HumanRights Ombudsman in 2001 was the international conference 'TheRelationship between Ombudsmen and Justice Bodies' which took place inLjubljana on 12 and 13 November. The meeting was the Sloveneombudsman's contribution to the Stability Pact for South EasternEurope. The event saw representatives of ombudsmen and justice bodiesfrom transition countries and other countries present their experiencesand practical ways in which ombudsmen can influence the work of justicebodies and change problematic legislation, not least in relation toconstitutional courts. The conference was also attended byrepresentatives of the Council of Europe. The participants expressedthe opinion that for countries in transition, which include countrieswith an unstable legal system, countries in which an independentjudiciary only has a short tradition and countries in which constantreforms of state bodies are taking place, it is especially important tosee the formulation of a national policy of protection and promotion ofhuman rights through legal and other mechanisms, in accordance withrecommendations R (85)13 and R (97) 11 of the Committee of Ministers ofthe Council of Europe on the institution of ombudsman and on thefounding of independent institutions for the protection and promotionof human rights, and recommendation R (94) 12 on the independence,efficiency and role of judges and the court practice of the EuropeanCourt of Human Rights.

The resolutions contained in the annex to this report were adopted.

Between 25 February and 3 March 2001 the office of the Human RightsOmbudsman was visited by a group of experts from the office of theAlbanian ombudsman responsible for police, penal and security matters.

In February the Council of Europe, in conjunction with the Croatianombudsman, organised in Zagreb a round table of ombudsmen fromsouth-eastern Europe. Ombudsmen from the transition countries ofsouth-eastern Europe and experts from the Council of Europe used theoccasion to present their experiences. The experiences of the Sloveneombudsman and the common characteristics of the work of ombudsmen incountries in transition were presented by deputy ombudsman JernejRovšek. Earlier the same month the deputy ombudsman outlined theexperiences of Slovenia's Human Rights Ombudsman at the presentation ofthe newly-elected ombudsmen of Republika Srpska in Banja Luka(Bosnia-Herzegovina). The presentation came into the framework ofStability Pact activities, specifically the project on the promotion ofombudsmen and national institutions for the protection of human rights.Mr Rovšek also attended a meeting organised by the Council of Europe inSalzburg and talked about the experience and work of ombudsmen intransition countries.

In November deputy ombudsman Aleš Butala received a delegation from theWalloon Parliament led by its president Robert Collignon. Theirdiscussion covered the work of the ombudsman and Slovenia as a statebased on the rule of law.

On 28 and 29 May the Human Rights Ombudsman and his deputy JernejRovšek attended the annual meeting of ombudsmen from central andeastern Europe with the Commissioner for Human Rights, AlvaroGil-Robles. The meeting took place in Warsaw. The commissionerpresented his activities and his views on cooperation with nationalombudsmen. The Hungarian commissioner for national and ethnicminorities, Jeno Kaltenbach, opened a discussion on the difficultiesaffecting the Roma community. The issue of illegal migrations was alsodiscussed.

From 22 to 25 November the Human Rights Ombudsman attended the 7thround table of European ombudsmen in Zurich. The members of theEuropean section of the IOI used the occasion to meet and confirm theelection of the Slovene ombudsman as the fourth European director ofthe IOI, with responsibility for southern and eastern Europe. Theombudsman presented the results and conclusions of the internationalconference 'The Relationship between Ombudsmen and Justice Bodies'.Plans were drawn up for future regional conferences on various topicsrelating to human rights and participants were acquainted with theresolutions of the meeting of all IOI directors held in Seoul from 29to 31 October.

Within the context of the first topic of the 7th round table,concerning the key principles of good administration in the light ofthe court practice of the European Court of Human Rights, the ombudsmanspoke about the work of the courts in Slovenia in relation to theprotection of human rights and in the light of the reform of publicadministration in Slovenia offered some views on transforming publicadministrations into human-friendly administrations. The participantsalso discussed the respecting of human rights by the police and otherbodies of supervision and control and exchanged experiences in relationto the Council of Europe.

On 19 and 20 November the ombudsman attended a meeting of ombudsmenwith Alvaro Gil-Robles, the Commissioner for Human Rights at theCouncil of Europe, in Strasbourg. He presented the Roma issue inSlovenia and offered some practical general pointers for addressing theissue, which were welcomed by participants. The meeting also consideredthe possibility of including the social charter in the EuropeanConvention on Human Rights, something which would give the chartergreater strength because of the direct applicability of the convention.It would enable appeals to be made to established rights in specificsocial areas where legal vacuums exist or where statutory regulation isstill lacking. The meeting also discussed the possibilities of appealto the European Court of Human Rights.

In 2001 the ombudsman also met several ambassadors.

In April the ombudsman talked to representatives of the Ministry ofExternal Affairs about guidelines for human security and development,and with the UN Assistant Secretary-General, Mr Danilo TĂĽrk, abouthuman development and human rights at the international level. In Junehe met a representative of the European Commission, Mr Eric van denLind, and in September welcomed his Czech counterpart Motejl Otakar toPortorož. In November he was visited by the Swedish Ombudsman againstDiscrimination on the Basis of Sexual Orientation.

In September 2001 a delegation of the European Committee for thePrevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishmentmade its second scheduled visit to Slovenia. The members of thedelegation visited prisons in Ljubljana, Maribor and Koper. The reportof the European Committee, with findings and recommendations, will bean opportunity for a comparison of the harmonisation of conditions inSlovene prisons with European standards.

On Human Rights Day (10 December) the ombudsman held his traditionalreception. It was attended by the highest representatives of thegovernment, the church, universities and science and by representativesof non-governmental organisations and other organisations and societiesinvolved in human rights, representatives of organisations, religiouscommunities and minorities. In his statement the ombudsman talked aboutthe situation of human rights in Slovenia and the adoption of theGeneral Declaration on Human Rights adopted by the United Nations on 10December 1948. At that time, he said, the adoption of the document wasof vital importance, just as today respect for this declaration andother documents, both international and domestic, which build on thegeneral declaration is of vital importance. He explained that he wasreferring in particular to the European Convention on the Protection ofHuman Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the European Social Charter, theConvention on the Rights of the Child and a range of other documentswhich provide a basic framework for a better life for all people. Thereception was also attended by accredited diplomatic representatives ofother states.

Letno poročilo 2001 - Poglavje 3.1.5.

3.1.5. Mednarodni odnosi

Mednarodni odnosi posegajo na obe ravni delovanja varuha.Izjemnegapomena pri vsakodnevnem delu so izkušnje inštitucij stradicijo intistih s krajšo zgodovino. Varuh človekovih pravic pa svojeizkušnjeuspešno prenaša tudi v države, kjer inštituta varuha alipodobnihinštitucij za varovanje človekovih pravic še nimajo. Prenosizkušenjposledično pripomore k učinkovitemu reševanju primerov kršenjapravicin preprečevanju tovrstnih pojavov tudi onstran meja.


Z namenom, da bi prikazali delo slovenskega varuhačlovekovihpravic ombudsmanom drugih držav, sorodnim inštitucijam indrugimstrokovnim javnostim, ki delujejo na področju varovanjačlovekovihpravic v tujini, smo tudi v tem letu pripravili povzetekporočila odelu varuha v angleščini. Urad je izdal tudi tri številkeglasilaevropskih nacionalnih ombudsmanov - European Ombudsmen Newsletter, katerega izdaja od februarja 1999. Besedila so dosegljiva na angleški verziji spletne strani VČP.


Varuh je bil novembra 2001 v okviru Mednarodnegainštitutaombudsmanov IOI izvoljen za enega od štirih evropskihdirektorjev, insicer za vzhodno in srednjo Evropo, kar mu nalaga šedodatneodgovornosti tudi na področju mednarodnega delovanja. Zaradizapletovpri volitvah so le-te ponovili v letu 2002 in funkcija je tudipoponovitvi glasovanja ostala v rokah slovenskega varuhačlovekovihpravic Matjaža Hanžka. Več o organizaciji IOI najdete naspletni strani http://www.law.ualberta.ca/centres/ioi/brochure.htm .


Med mednarodno najodmevnejše dogodke v letu 2001 v organizaciji VČP vsekakor sodi mednarodna konferenca z naslovom Razmerje med ombudsmani in pravosodnimi organi,12.in 13 . novembra v Ljubljani. Srečanje je prispevek slovenskegavaruhačlovekovih pravic k Paktu stabilnosti za južno in vzhodnoEvropo. Nanjej so predstavniki ombudsmanov in pravosodnih organov iztranzicijskihin drugih evropskih držav ter Sveta Evrope predstavilisvoje izkušnje inpraktične možnosti, kako ombudsmani lahko vplivajo nadelo pravosodnihorganov in na spreminjanje problematične zakonodaje,ne nazadnje tudi vodnosu do ustavnega sodišča. Udeleženci so izrazilimnenje, da je zadržave v tranziciji, med katerimi so tudi države, kiimajo nestabilnepravne sisteme, kratko tradicijo neodvisnosti sodstvain v katerihpoteka stalna reforma državnih organov, posebej pomembno,da se oblikujedržavna politika varstva in promocije človekovih pravics pravnimi indrugimi mehanizmi, v skladu s priporočili (i) R (85)13 in(ii) R 97(11)Odbora ministrov Sveta Evrope o inštituciji ombudsmana ino ustanovitvineodvisnih inštitucij za varovanje in promocijočlovekovih pravic, kottudi s priporočilom R (94) 12 o neodvisnosti,učinkovitosti in vlogisodnikov ter judikaturo Evropskega sodišča začlovekove pravice.Sprejeli so sklepe, ki so v prilogi poročila.


Od 25. februarja do vključno 3. marca 2001 je urad varuha človekovih pravic obiskala skupina strokovnjakov albanskega ombudsmana, ki se ukvarjajo s policijskimi, zaporniškimi in varnostnimi zadevami.


Svet Evrope je februarja v sodelovanju s hrvaškim ombudsmanom v Zagrebuorganiziralokroglo mizo ombudsmanov iz jugovzhodne Evrope, kjer sosvoje dosežke inizkušnje predstavili ombudsmani iz tranzicijskih državjugovzhodneEvrope in strokovnjaki Sveta Evrope. Izkušnje slovenskegavaruha inskupne značilnosti delovanja ombudsmanov v državah na prehodujepredstavil namestnik varuha Jernej Rovšek. Ta je izkušnje VČPorisaltudi na predstavitvi novoizvoljenih ombudsmanov Republike Srbske v Banjaluki v Bosni in Hercegovininekolikoprej istega meseca. Predstavitev je sodila v okvir aktivnostiPaktastabilnosti, projekta promocije ombudsmanov in nacionalnihinštitucij zavarstvo človekovih pravic. Namestnik varuha Jernej Rovšekse je udeležiltudi sestanka v organizaciji Sveta Evrope v Salzburgu in spregovoril o izkušnjah oziroma delu ombudsmanov v državah na prehodu.


Namestnik varuha Aleš Butala je novembra na obisk sprejel delegacijo valonskega parlamenta pod vodstvom predsednika Roberta Collignona. Pogovarjali so se o delu varuha in o Sloveniji kot pravni državi.


Varuh človekovih pravic Matjaž Hanžek in njegov namestnik Jernej Rovšek sta se 28. in 29. maja v Varšavi udeležila letnega srečanja ombudsmanov iz srednje in vzhodne Evropeskomisarjem za človekove pravice Alvarom Gil- Roblesom. Ta jezbranimpredstavil svoje aktivnosti in poglede na sodelovanje znacionalnimiombudsmani. Madžarski komisar za nacionalne in etničnemanjšine JenoKaltenbach je sprožil pogovor o težavah, ki zadevajo Rome,govorili paso še o problematiki ilegalnih migracij.


Varuh človekovih pravic Matjaž Hanžek se je od 22. do 25. novembra udeležil 7. okrogle mize evropskih ombudsmanov v ZĂĽrichu.Obtej priložnosti so se sestali tudi člani evropskega dela IOI inpotrdiliizvolitev slovenskega varuha v funkcijo četrtega EvropskegadirektorjaIOI pooblaščenega za vzhodno in srednjo Evropo. Varuh jepredstavilrezultate in sklepe mednarodne konference Razmerje medombudsmani inpravosodnimi organi. Izrisali so načrt prihodnjihregionalnih posvetov orazličnih temah, ki se dotikajo človekovihpravic ali so z njimineposredno povezane, in se seznanili s sklepisrečanja vseh direktorjevIOI, ki je bila od 29. do 31. oktobra vSeulu.


Varuh je v okviru prve teme na 7. okrogli mizi ombudsmanovoključnih načelih dobrega upravljanja v luči judikatureEvropskegasodišča za človekove pravice spregovoril o delu sodišč vSloveniji vodnosu do varovanja človekovih pravic in v luči reformeslovenske javneuprave podal nekaj videnj o izboljšavi javnih uprav včloveku prijazneuprave. Na srečanju so govorili še o spoštovanjučlovekovih pravic sstrani policije in drugih organov nadzora terizmenjali izkušnje tudi vodnosu do Sveta Evrope.


Varuh človekovih pravic se je 19. in 20. novembra udeležil tudi srečanja ombudsmanov s Komisarjem za človekove pravice pri Svetu Evrope Alvarom Gil Roblesom v Strasbourgu.Vluči dnevnega reda je predstavil je problematiko Romov v Slovenijiinpodal nekaj praktičnih splošnih napotkov za reševanje le-te, karsoudeleženci sprejeli odprtih rok. Udeleženci srečanja sorazmišljalitudi o možnostih vključitve socialne listine v Evropskokonvencijo očlovekovih pravicah, s čimer bi listina dobila večjo močzaradineposredne "uporabnosti" konvencije. Omogočeno bi bilonamrečsklicevanje na zapisane pravice za določena socialna področja,nakaterih so zakonske praznine ali so zakonsko še neurejena. Beseda pajetekla tudi o pritožbenih poteh na Evropsko sodišče začlovekovepravice.


Varuh se je v letu 2001 srečal tudi s številnimi veleposlaniki.


S predstavniki ministrstva za zunanje zadeve jeaprilagovoril o smernicah za človekovo varnost in razvoj, spomočnikomgeneralnega sekretarja Združenih narodov Danilom TĂĽrkom pa očlovekovemrazvoju in človekovih pravicah v mednarodni luči. Junija seje srečal spredstavnikom Evropske komisije Ericom van den Lindnom,septembra je vPorotorožu pozdravil češkega kolega Motejla Otakarja,novembra pa ga jeobiskal Švedski ombudsman za istospolno usmerjene.


Septembra 2001 je bila v Sloveniji na drugem rednem obisku delegacija Evropskega odbora za preprečevanje mučenja, nečloveškega ali ponižujočega ravnanja ali kaznovanja.Obiskaliso Zavode za prestajanje kazni zapora Ljubljana, Maribor inKoper.Poročilo Evropskega odbora z ugotovitvami in priporočili bopriložnostza primerjavo usklajenosti razmer v slovenskih zavodih zaprestajanjekazni zapora z evropskimi standardi.


Ob dnevu človekovih pravic, 10. decembru, jevaruhpripravil tradicionalni sprejem. Udeležili so se ganajvišjipredstavniki oblasti, cerkva, univerz in znanosti terpredstavnikinevladnih in drugih organizacij ter društev, ki seukvarjajo sčlovekovimi pravicami, predstavniki organizacij, verskihskupnosti inmanjšin. Varuh je v svoji izjavi spregovoril o stanjučlovekovih pravicv Sloveniji in sprejetju Splošne deklaracije očlovekovih pravicah, kiso jo Združeni narodi sprejeli 10. decembra1948. Takrat je bilosprejetje omenjenega dokumenta po njegovih besedahnujno, enako kot jedanes nujno spoštovanje te deklaracije in tudidrugih dokumentov,mednarodnih in domačih, ki nadgrajujejo splošnodeklaracijo. Poudarilje, da s tem misli na evropsko Konvencijo ovarstvu človekovih pravicin temeljnih svoboščin, Evropsko socialnolistino, Konvencijo opravicah otrok in še vrsto drugih dokumentov, kidajejo osnovni okvirboljšemu življenju Ijudi. Sprejema so se udeležilitudi v Slovenijiakreditirani diplomatski predstavniki tujih držav.

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