Natisni vsebino

Yokohama conclusion

"Yokohama Review on Combating Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children - Europe and Central Asia

Ljubljana 8-9 July 2005

Some conclusions by the Presidency of the final Session

1.
During the last two days, we have re-affirmed our commitment to the Stockholm Declaration and Agenda for Action, the Yokohama Global Commitment and the Budapest Plan of Action and encouraged all countries to implement these as a matter of urgency.

2.
We have reiterated the importance of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, as well as of the European Convention on Human Rights, as the fundamental standards for all our actions to promote and protect the rights of the child.

3.
We have taken note of the decisions adopted during the 3rd Summit of Heads of States and Governments of the Council of Europe (Warsaw, 16-17 May 2005).

4.
We have heard the plea from our young people and we will forward it to our Governments.

5.
We have underlined the importance of ratifying and implementing rapidly and effectively the international instruments of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and ILO on the protection of children against sexual exploitation and abuse and of ensuring an effective and rapid implementation of these instruments. These are the following:

  • the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (2000);
  • the ILO Convention No. 182 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (1999);
  • the UN Convention against Trans-national Organized Crime (2000) and its supplementary Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (2000) and Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Air and Sea (2000);
  • the Revised European Social Charter, Council of Europe (1996);
  • the Convention on Cyber-Crime, Council of Europe (2001);
  • the Council of Europe Convention on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings (2005);
  • the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998);
  • the European Convention on the exercise of children’s rights (1996).

* * *

6.
We must accelerate the implementation of the commitments already pledged since Stockholm

(i) to develop and up-date national plans of action against sexual exploitation and abuse of children, in consultation with professionals, NGO’s, children and young people and others engaged in the fight against this scourge;
(ii) to establish national focal points on the sexual exploitation and abuse of children
(iii) to promote a European Network of these national focal points;
(iv) to encourage exchange of information, research, studies, technical assistance and best practices on ways to address sexual exploitation and abuse of children; and
(v) to ensure that adequate resources are allocated to sustain these measures.

7.
It is also important to take stock of new knowledge and encourage the Council of Europe, UNICEF and their member States and the NGOs to carry out accelerated actions in order to:

(i) understand and reduce demand;
(ii) mobilize non-traditional actors;
(iii) tackle the challenges of new technologies that have emerged since Yokohama and consider the possibility of drafting a Protocol to the Convention on cybercrime (CEST 185) concerning, inter alia, mobile phones;
(iv) consider the possibility of extending the G8 database of pedopornographic images to all Parties to the Convention on, cybercrime (CETS 185); and
(v) co-operate with the private sector and other social partners.

8.
We must build on the work already done in policy formulation and knowledge development and enhance professional training and exchanges; we must also give special attention to experiences in vulnerability mapping and in victim support, including long term needs of victims, alternative livelihood skills and family-based recovery programmes.

9.
It is vital to include children and young people as partners in decision-making, in the development of instruments and their implementation and monitoring, in the training of professionals and in other areas where they can contribute as partners together with adults to fight sexual exploitation and abuse of children.

10.
Co-operation between the Council of Europe and civil society organisations regarding awareness raising, training of professionals and the development of legal measures must be developed.

11.
We will follow with great interest and encourage the work of the Council of Europe in the area of victim protection.

12.
It is important to promote co-operation between all the interested parties and examine the possibility of opening the “Daphne Toolkit”, which at present only covers the 25 States of the European Union, to the 46 States of the Council of Europe, and even to the participating countries from Central Asia present at this Conference.

13.
The Council of Europe must implement the political Declaration and the Action Plan of the Warsaw Summit in order to “elaborate measures to stop sexual exploitation of children, including legal instruments if appropriate, and involve civil society in this process”. At this point, we have noted with great interest that the Working Group IV on legal procedures has recommended the elaboration of a treaty in this area.

14.
We must update and use on a regular basis the tool “REACT on sexual exploitation and abuse of children” for reviewing States’ efforts to implement the commitments made at the World Congresses, its preparatory meetings and in international instruments in order to identify lessons and models that can be shared across the region and contribute to improved action, and to continue to identify gaps and challenges outstanding. In this regard, the inclusion of Ombudspersons for children, social actors, children and young people in the review and discussions related to it is to be encouraged.

15.
The reports from the Working Groups and Seminars as well as the Youth Appeal are attached to these conclusions.

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